Author(s): Hiyam Raaof Al-Hamamy, Wafaa Hazim Salih, Nada H. Al-Mudallal

Email(s): Halhammay@yahoo.com , Wafaahazim@kmc.uobaghdad.edu.iq , Nada_Mudallal@aliraqia.edu.iq

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.01124   

Address: Hiyam Raaof Al-Hamamy1, Wafaa Hazim Salih2, Nada H. Al-Mudallal3
1Assistant Prof. Pathology Dept, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad.
2Lecturer of Microbiology, Bacteriology, Microbiology Department, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad., Iraq.
3Assistant Prof. Medical Microbiology Dept., College of Medicine, Al-Iraqia University, Baghdad, Iraq.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 12,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Background: Ear infections can manifest in many forms depending on site of infection whether external, middle or internal ear and the culprit pathogen whether viral, bacterial or fungal. Acute middle ear infections are usually accompanied by aural discharge. Objective: 1. To get an overview on the bacterial pathogens involved in ear infections. 2. To assess the antibiotic resistance of bacterial pathogens. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted in Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital / Baghdad /Iraq. Swabs taken from 225 patients suffering from aural discharge were tested for culture and sensitivity for the duration of two years 2018-2019. Aural discharge is cultured by inoculating it into blood, MacConkey agar, chocolate agars and Sabouraud agar (for fungi). Then the antibiotic susceptibility and resistance is assessed by (Kirby-Bauer Method). Results: Then, by analyzing the percentage of pathogens involved in ear infections we have found that the highest percentage is for Pseudomonas aeruginosa (51%), followed by Staph, aureus (20%), Proteus vulgaris (11%). Discussion: Cefotaxime, which was known to be an efficient antibiotic against pseudomonas previously, has lost its effectiveness. Similarly, gentamycin is no longer effective against E.coli. Conclusion: Choosing the proper antibiotic in any bacterial infection is of tremendous importance. However, reassessment of antibiotic resistance profiles is vital and should be regarded as a routine task on regular intervals.


Cite this article:
Hiyam Raaof Al-Hamamy, Wafaa Hazim Salih, Nada H. Al-Mudallal. Bacterial Isolates and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Ear Infections in Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(12):6503-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.01124

Cite(Electronic):
Hiyam Raaof Al-Hamamy, Wafaa Hazim Salih, Nada H. Al-Mudallal. Bacterial Isolates and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Ear Infections in Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(12):6503-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.01124   Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-12-54


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