Chandana Majee, Rupa Mazumder, Alka N. Choudhary
Chandana Majee1*, Rupa Mazumder1, Alka N. Choudhary2
1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Noida Institute of Engineering and Technology (Pharmacy Institute), Knowledge Park II, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India 201306.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Dehrakhas, Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India 248001.
Volume - 14,
Issue - 9,
Year - 2021
Background: Trapa natans L., is annual aquatic plant generally kwon as Water caltrp, Water chest nut belonging to the Trapaceae or Lytraceae family. Trapa natans L is use for the treatment of wide no of diseases without proper standardization. Objective: To give the right pharmacognostical and photochemical information of the Trapanatan L leaves. In this study pharmacognostical investigation of the fresh leaves and powder drug were done to determine the macroscopical, microscopical, quantitative physicochemical and phytochemical property of the drugs. Method: Macroscopical, quantitative and qualitative microscopy, physicochemical evaluation, extractive value, florescence analysis and phytochemical analysis were done according to the WHO guideline. Result: Macroscopical analysis showed that, leaves are greenish to purplish color, rhomboidal shape; alternate, acute, margin is dentate, pinnate venation. Microscopic evaluation showed that leaf is dorsi ventral in nature, upper layer epidermis cells were covered with cuticle layer. Single layer of barrel shape cell were present bellow the upper epidermis layer. Trichomes are generally multicellular. Anomocytic stomata were observed in upper epidermis. From the experiment it was found that methanolic extract give the highest extractive value. Phytochemical analysis gives the evidence for the presence of carbohydrate, alkaloids, glycoside, steroids, flavonoids, tannin, and triterpenoids. Qualitative phytochemical analysis give the evidence for presence of high amount total phenolic content. Conclusion: Different pharmacognostical parameters assessed in this examination help to detection and standardization of Trapa natans L., leaves.
Cite this article:
Chandana Majee, Rupa Mazumder, Alka N. Choudhary. Pharmacognostical Investigation of Trapa natans L Leaves. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(9):4680-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00813
Chandana Majee, Rupa Mazumder, Alka N. Choudhary. Pharmacognostical Investigation of Trapa natans L Leaves. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(9):4680-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00813 Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-9-27
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