Author(s): Jyoti, Vandana Garg

Email(s): jyoti.sumit19@gmail.com , vandugarg@rediffmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00752   

Address: Jyoti1, Vandana Garg2*
1Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Hindu College of Pharmacy,Sonepat, Haryana, India.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Maharshi Dayanand University,Rohtak, Haryana, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 10,     Year - 2022


ABSTRACT:
Introduction: Acacia catechu willd. (Mimosoideae) is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15m height; widely distributed throughout India. This plant is rich source of flavonoids, tannins and phenolic compounds. It is used traditionally for the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, pain in chest, ulceration, wound healing, mouth ulcer, colic, vitiligo, cancer, sore throats, and diarrhoea. It possesses antioxidant, antipyretic, antileprotic, antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, spasmolytic, antibacterial, hypoglycaemic, antifertility, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, hypotensive and wound healing properties. Material and Method: In the present study, plant has been explored for detailed pharmacognostic and microscopic study. Preliminary phytochemical screening has been performed for evaluation of various phyto-constituents present in the plant. Physicochemical parameters such as moisture content, ash value, extractive values have been determined as per procedure given in IP. Presence of heavy metal, aflatoxin, microbial contamination and pesticidal residue has been assessed as per WHO guidelines. Result: A. catechu stem is reddish brown, cylindrical, hard to fracture and astringent in taste. Microscopy showed the presence of medullary rays, vessels, xylem fibres, parenchyma, fibres and calcium oxalate crystals. Heavy metal, aflatoxin, microbial contamination and pesticidal residue contents were found within limits as per WHO guidelines. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids and reducing sugar. Conclusion: Present study was carried out to establish quality parameters for A. catechu plant which will be further utilised for evaluation of pharmacological activity.


Cite this article:
Jyoti, Vandana Garg. Evaluation of physicochemical parameters of Acacia catechu Willd. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology2022; 15(10):4485-9. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00752

Cite(Electronic):
Jyoti, Vandana Garg. Evaluation of physicochemical parameters of Acacia catechu Willd. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology2022; 15(10):4485-9. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00752   Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-10-25


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