Mitha KV, Saraswati Jaiswal Yadav, Rashmi K S, Ganaraja Bolumbu
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Mitha KV1, Saraswati Jaiswal Yadav2, Rashmi K S3, Ganaraja Bolumbu3*
1Assistant Professor of Physiology, Kannur Medical College, Anjarkandi, Kannur, Kerala. India.
2Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad - 211008. India.
3Department of Physiology, Kasturba Medical College, (Constituent of Manipal Academy of Higher Education) Mangalore.
Volume - 15,
Issue - 3,
Year - 2022
Objectives: To evaluate the neuroprotective function of C. asiatica on the offsprings in maternal alcohol abuse. Centella Asiatica (C. asiatica) has been known to Indian traditional medicine Ayurveda as an effective brain tonic. Alcohol is an abused substance and poses a health risk to all in society, including pregnant women. We force-fed alcohol to pregnant rats and studied its effect on rat pups' hippocampus, which were fed with C. asiatica. The results were also correlated to the cognitive performance of the animals. Methods: Adult female rats, confirmed of pregnancy, were fed with 30% (w/v) alcohol at a dosage of 20g/kg body weight, daily oral gavage. The pups were divided into seven groups (n=6 each) as control and experimental/treated. Results: Hippocampus was isolated, and the slices were stained, and the cell count was done by applying appropriate techniques. The pup quality, cognitive parameters showed differences in alcohol-treated groups. The cell count was performed and compared among the groups. A significant increase in the cell count and the hippocampal neuron population's size was observed in the rats fed with C. asiatica extract. The pup quality was also better. Their cognitive performance was significantly better. Conclusion: This study revealed the adverse effects of fetal alcohol exposure, which reversed after treatment with C. asiatica. This study confirms the role of C. asiatica as an effective neuroprotective agent, and it could be useful to treat the patients suffering from the effects of exposure to alcohol in fetal life and early childhood.
Cite this article:
Mitha KV, Saraswati Jaiswal Yadav, Rashmi K S, Ganaraja Bolumbu. Neuroprotective effects of feeding Centella asiatica (L) Urb. – Study of hippocampal neurons in pups born to alcohol-fed female Wistar rats. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(3):1047-2. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00175
Mitha KV, Saraswati Jaiswal Yadav, Rashmi K S, Ganaraja Bolumbu. Neuroprotective effects of feeding Centella asiatica (L) Urb. – Study of hippocampal neurons in pups born to alcohol-fed female Wistar rats. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(3):1047-2. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00175 Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-3-18
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