Author(s): Dwi Yani Sastika, Trimurni Abidin, Harry Agusnar, Basri A. Gani

Email(s): and ,

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00496   

Address: Dwi Yani Sastika1, Trimurni Abidin1*, Harry Agusnar2, Basri A. Gani3*
1Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara Medan-Indonesia.
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan Indonesia.
3Department of Oral Biology, Dentistry Faculty, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 7,     Year - 2022

Calcium hydroxide is often used as a root canal medicament. Together with vehicle aqueous, glycerine, polyethylene glycol, and chitosan can increase calcium ion diffusion, pH balance, and anti-bacterial power. To analyze the effect of different vehicles on alkaline pH changes, diffusion of calcium ions, roughness, and frequency of chemical elements in the root canal after applying calcium hydroxide. A total of 100 dental samples in 5 groups of vehicles were examined for pH using a pH meter, calcium ion diffusion using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric, and surface roughness of the root canals chemical compounds were analyzed by SEM-EDX. All the vehicles can maintain the balance of pH changes to alkaline in the root canal wall (p<0.05: 0.00). Maximum calcium ion diffusion occurs on day 30, especially in the vehicle Chitosan and Polyethylene glycol (p <0.05: 0.00). Vehicle chitosan and glycerine more strongly reduce root surface wall roughness after calcium hydroxide medicament (20% roughness score). Specifically, vehicle chitosan can increase calcium (21.71%) compared to control and other vehicles in the root canal wall (p<0.05: 0.02). The chitosan vehicles and other vehicles can maintain an alkaline pH balance, diffusion of calcium ions, and decrease in roughness and increase in the quantity of calcium in the root canal wall.

Cite this article:
Dwi Yani Sastika, Trimurni Abidin, Harry Agusnar, Basri A. Gani. Application of Calcium Hydroxide with Vehicles Relate to the pH Change, Calcium Ion Diffusion, Roughness, and Frequency of Chemical Compound in Root Canal. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(7):2976-2. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00496

Dwi Yani Sastika, Trimurni Abidin, Harry Agusnar, Basri A. Gani. Application of Calcium Hydroxide with Vehicles Relate to the pH Change, Calcium Ion Diffusion, Roughness, and Frequency of Chemical Compound in Root Canal. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(7):2976-2. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00496   Available on:

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