Author(s): Berihu Tekluu, Krishna Chaithanya K, Tesfay Welderfael, Tekleweyni Tadege, Hailu Weldekiros Hailu, Yemane Hailu, Brahmam Pasumarthi, John Dogulas Palleti

Email(s): tekluberihu@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00704   

Address: Berihu Tekluu1*, Krishna Chaithanya K1, Tesfay Welderfael1, Tekleweyni Tadege1, Hailu Weldekiros Hailu2, Yemane Hailu3, Brahmam Pasumarthi4, John Dogulas Palleti5
1Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia.
2Department of Biotechnology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia.
3Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia.
4Dept of Humanities and sciences (Biology), PACE Institute of Technology and Sciences, Ongole, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India.
5Research and Development, Centre for Computational and Biological Sciences, 48-12-16, Srinagar, Near RTC Complex, Visakhapatnam-530016, Andhra Pradesh. India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 16,      Issue - 9,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Introduction: Free radicals such as ROS and RNS are reactive molecules involved in many biological processes and up-regulated levels of these free radicals have been associated with oxidative stress and inflammatory-related diseases. Balanites aegyptiaca Del medicinal plant belongs to family Zygophyllaceae has been used in traditional medicine to treat numerous inflammatory-related diseases and best remedy for stomach ache and jaundice. Objectives: The present study was designed to undertake to evaluate the antioxidant potential of ethanolic stem bark extract of B. aegyptiaca by using various in vitro antioxidant assays. Methods: The stem bark ethanolic extract of B. aegyptiaca was obtained by using Soxhlet apparatus in 1:5 ratios (plant material and ethanol) and further subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis and Total antioxidant capacity, in vitro DPPH radical scavenging activity and reducing power. Results: The quantitative phytochemical analysis of stem bark ethanolic extract B. aegyptiaca revealed that the presence of the considerable amount of flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds, and alkaloids and further, the total antioxidant activity of stem bark ethanolic extract of B. aegyptiaca was determined as 82.41µg/ 250µg, showed significant DPPH scavenging activity at 250µg/ml was 67.39% with the IC50 value of 55.41µg/ml and exhibited maximum reducing power was found at 250µg/ml was 0.412 O.D at 700 nm. Conclusion: It can be concluded that stem bark ethanolic extract of B. aegyptiaca showed promising reducing and DPPH radical scavenging activity due to the presence of antioxidant compounds and these compounds might serve as a potential source of natural antioxidants, for treatment of various oxidative stress-related diseases.


Cite this article:
Berihu Tekluu, Krishna Chaithanya K, Tesfay Welderfael, Tekleweyni Tadege, Hailu Weldekiros Hailu, Yemane Hailu, Brahmam Pasumarthi, John Dogulas Palleti. Phytochemical Analysis and Evaluation of in vitro Antioxidant potential of Ethanolic Stem Bark Extract of Balanites aegyptiaca Del. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(9):4302-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00704

Cite(Electronic):
Berihu Tekluu, Krishna Chaithanya K, Tesfay Welderfael, Tekleweyni Tadege, Hailu Weldekiros Hailu, Yemane Hailu, Brahmam Pasumarthi, John Dogulas Palleti. Phytochemical Analysis and Evaluation of in vitro Antioxidant potential of Ethanolic Stem Bark Extract of Balanites aegyptiaca Del. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(9):4302-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00704   Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-16-9-48


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