Author(s): Zainab Sachit Hashim, Mohammad Hassan Al Baldawi, Ali Mohamed Abdul Qader, Thikra Abdullah Mahmood

Email(s): thakraas@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.01026.4   

Address: Zainab Sachit Hashim1, Mohammad Hassan Al Baldawi2, Ali Mohamed Abdul Qader3, Thikra Abdullah Mahmood4
Thikra Abdullah Mahmood4 1Trainee of Otolaryngology, M.B. CH. B, Baghdad Iraq.
2Consultant Otolaryngologist, FICMS, Baghdad Iraq.
3D. MA. ST, Baghdad Iraq.
4Epidemologest, Baghdad Iraq.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 12,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) is a common clinical condition seen by otolaryngologists and one of the leading causes for hearing impairment and ear discharge. Hearing loss as a sequel of CSOM is often conductive, but recent studies have found an additional sensorineural element in those patients, thus demonstrating inner ear damage. The aim of this study is to determine the association between otomicroscopic pathologies and the audiometric findings of CSOM. Materials and methods: This prospective study was conducted to assess the characteristic microscopic and audiological profile in 70 patients diagnosed as CSOM of active type. All patients were evaluated with detailed history taking and thorough clinical and microscopic examination along with audiological assessment. Results: In this study of 70 patients the more common age group was the middle age, with male to female ratio was 1:1.8 and left ear involved more commonly. Patients were mostly from urban area and group B duration of the disease (1-5years) was more common. Normal hearing with conductive element (<25dB loss) was more occurred among the small sized anterior perforation with granulation tissues, conductive hearing loss was found more commonly in medium sized central perforation with polyp and mucosal edema, while mixed hearing loss (MHL) occurred frequently with large sized attic and posterior perforation associated with cholesteatoma. Conclusion: CSOM is associated with some degree of sensorineural element and cochlear damage. Hearing loss is greatly associated with disease pathologies, size and site of perforation. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study is designed to assess the impact of microscopical pathologies on audiological finding in CSOM.


Cite this article:
Zainab Sachit Hashim, Mohammad Hassan Al Baldawi, Ali Mohamed Abdul Qader, Thikra Abdullah Mahmood. Otomicroscopic and Audiological Finding in Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Baghdad Iraq. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(12):5885-5888. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.01026.4

Cite(Electronic):
Zainab Sachit Hashim, Mohammad Hassan Al Baldawi, Ali Mohamed Abdul Qader, Thikra Abdullah Mahmood. Otomicroscopic and Audiological Finding in Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Baghdad Iraq. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(12):5885-5888. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.01026.4   Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2020-13-12-41


REFERENCES:
1.    John Hamilton. Chronic Otitis Media in Childhood. Scott-Brown's Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, 7th edition, V1,; 2008, p.928.
2.    George G Browning et al .Chronic otitis media. Scott- Brown's otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, 7th edition, V 3, 2008 p.3395.
3.    Anas Ahmed Saleh, Nihad Khalawe Textbook, Inas Abd Al Majed Rasheed. Interleukins levels associated with Chronic Otitis Media (CSOM). Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2019; 12(12): 5801-5804.
4.    Chole, Richard A and Sudhoff, Holger H. Chronic otitis media, mastoiditis and petrositis. Cumming's laryngology, head and neck surgery, 4th edition 2005,p.2998-2999.
5.    Raza Pasha MD. Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Clinical reference guide, 3rd edition,2011,p.351.
6.    Shukla SK, Thakur Amit K, Mashih John, Shukla P, Shrivastava PK. Clinical Study of the Patients Suffering From Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media. Research J. Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics. 2012; 4(2): 98-101.
7.    N. Kanishka Varman. Clinical and audiological profile in COM – mucosal type. J. Evid, Based Med. Health. 2017; 4:p.2349-2570.
8.    Priyadarshini G et al. Clinical and audiological study of CSOM tubotympanic type. Int J Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 2017; 3: 671-675.
9.    Mohammed Shafiqul Islam et al. Pattern and degree of hearing loss in CSOM. Bangladesh J Otorhinolaryngology 2010; 16:96-105.
10.    Maharjan M et al. Observation of hearing loss in patients with CSOM tubotympanic type. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 2009, V 7, p.397-401.
11.    Ali AH et al. Relationship between tympanic membrane perforation and conductive hearing loss in patients with COM. Int J Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 2018; 4: 11-17.
12.    K. K. Pannu et al. Evaluation of hearing loss in tympanic membrane perforation. Indian J Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surgery, 2011; 63:p 208-213.
13.    Ahmed M. Alabbasi et al. Prevalence and patterns of CSOM and hearing impairment in Basrah City. Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 2010;1: p.129-133.
14.    Samantaray K et al. Analytical study of sensorineural hearing loss in CSOM with and without cholesteatoma. L. Evid. Based Med. Health, 2016; 3 :p.3131-3134.
15.    Amin Amali et al. Sensorineural hearing loss in patient with CSOM: Is there a Significant Correlation .2017; 9: p.3823-3827.

Recomonded Articles:

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

1.3
2021CiteScore
 
56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus


SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Recent Articles




Tags


Not Available