Rajakumari. K, Ridhanya. J
Rajakumari. K*, Ridhanya. J
Department of Bio-Engineering, School of Engineering, Vels Institute of Science,
Technology and Advanced Studies (VISTAS), Pallavaram, Chennai-117, Tamil Nadu, India.
Volume - 14,
Issue - 1,
Year - 2021
Pollution is something that causes harmful effect on humans, animals, marine organisms and many factors are involved in the control of pollution. Interestingly, algae involves in the control of pollution. Algae are mostly aquatic and found in marine habitat. They are classified on basis of pigmentation such as green algae, brown algae, yellow-green algae, euglenophyta, golden brown, red algae and fire algae. It plays an important role in stabilizing carbon-di-oxide level and used in food supplements. Their mode of nutrition is an autotrophic and has the ability to perform photosynthesis. Algae contains an extensive bioactive compounds like dietary fiber, carotenoids, proteins, auxins, cytokinins. Colonies of algae which grow out of control causes an algal bloom. Some bloom produce toxin effects on fish, marine mammals. In certain cases some algae like aphanizomenon, microcystis acts as water pollutant.
Cite this article:
Rajakumari. K, Ridhanya. J. Algae- Pollution Indicator and Control. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2021; 14(1):523-526. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00095.0
Rajakumari. K, Ridhanya. J. Algae- Pollution Indicator and Control. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2021; 14(1):523-526. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00095.0 Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-1-95
1. Oswald, W., Gotass, H., 1957. Photosynthesis in sewage treatment. Journal Name: Trans. Amer. Soc. Civil Engrs.; (United States); Journal Volume: 122, Medium: X; Size: Pages: 73.
2. Oswald, W.J., High rate pond in waste disposal Dev. Ind. Biotechnol., 4: 112-119 (1963).
3. Benemann, J.R., Weissman, J.C., Koopman, B.L., Oswald, W.J., Energy Production with Microalgae. Nature, 19-23 (1977).
4. Faulkner, D. John. "Marine natural products." Natural Product Reports 18, no. 1 (2001): 1R-49R.
5. El Gamal, Ali A. "Biological importance of marine algae." Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 18, no. 1 (2010): 1-25.
6. Hoffmann, James P. "Wastewater treatment with suspended and nonsuspended algae." Journal of Phycology 34, no. 5 (1998): 757-763.
7. Laliberte, G., Proulx, D., De Pauw, N., La Noue, J., Algal technology in wastewater treatment. In: LC Rai, JP Gaur and CJ Soeder (eds.) Algae and Water Pollution. Adv. Limnol. 1994; 42: 283-302.
8. Pavasant, P., Apiratikul, R., Sungkhum, V., Suthiparinyanont, P., Wattanachira, S., Marhaba, T.F., Biosorption of Cu2+, Cd2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+ using dried marine green macroalga Caulerpa lentillifera”. Bioresour. Technol. 2006; 97: 2321-2329, 2006.
9. Sen, A.K., Bhattacharya, M., Studies of uptake and toxic effects of Ni on Salvinia natans. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 1994; 78: 141-152.
10. Munoz, Raul, and Benoit Guieysse. "Algal—bacterial processes for the treatment of hazardous contaminants: a review." Water Research 40, no. 15 (2006): 2799-2815.
11. Zhou W, Min M, Li Y, Hu B, Ma X, Cheng Y, et al. A hetero-photoautotrophic two-stage cultivation process to improve wastewater nutrient removal and enhance algal lipid accumulation. Bioresource Technology; 110:448—55 (2012).
12. Boelee NC, Temmink H, Janssen M, Buisman CJN, Wijffels RH. Scenario analysis of nutrient removal from municipal wastewater by microalgal biofilms. Water; 4: 460—73 (2012).
13. Sturm BSM, Lamer SL. An energy evaluation of coupling nutrient removal from wastewater with algal biomass production. Applied Energy; 88: 3499—506 (2011).
14. New Technologies in Wastewater Treatment, Oilgae, Wednesday, January 15, 2014, http:// www.oilgae.com/algae/cult/sew/new/new. html
15. Brick W. Griffiths, Removal and Utilization of Wastewater Nutrients for Algae Biomass And Biofuels, Utah State University 2010
16. Mulbry W, Kondrad S, Pizarro C, Kebede-West head E. Treatment of dairy manure effluent using fresh water algae: algal productivity and recovery of manure nutrient susingpilotscalealgalturf scrubbers. Bioresource Technology; 99: 8137—42 (2008).
17. Markou G, Georgakakis D. Cultivation of filamentouscyano bacteria (blue- green algae) in agro-industrial wastes and wastewaters: are view. Applied Energy; 88: 3389—401 (2011).
18. Sivonen, K., S. I. Niemelä, R. M. Niemi, L. Lepistö, T. H. Luoma, and L. A. Räsänen. "Toxic cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) in Finnish fresh and coastal waters." Hydrobiologia 190, no. 3 (1990): 267-275.
19. Jensen, Arne. "Present and future needs for algae and algal products." In Fourteenth International Seaweed Symposium, pp. 15-23. Springer, Dordrecht, 1993.
20. Menetrez, Marc Y. "An overview of algae biofuel production and potential environmental impact." Environmental Science & Technology 46, no. 13 (2012): 7073-7085.
21. Iwamoto, Chika, Katsuhiko Minoura, Sanji Hagishita, Kyosuke Nomoto, and Atsushi Numata. "Penostatins F—I, novel cytotoxic metabolites from a Penicillium species separated from an Enteromorpha marine alga." Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1 3 (1998): 449-456.
22. Kurihara, Hideyuki, Takeshi Mitani, Jun Kawabata, and Koretaro Takahashi. "Two new bromophenols from the red alga Odonthalia corymbifera." Journal of Natural Products 62, no. 6 (1999): 882-884.
23. Bennamara, Ahmed, Abdelmjid Abourriche, Mohamed Berrada, M'hamed Charrouf, Nezha Chaib, Mohammed Boudouma, and François Xavier Garneau. "Methoxybifurcarenone: an antifungal and antibacterial meroditerpenoid from the brown alga Cystoseira tamariscifolia." Phytochemistry 52, no. 1 (1999): 37-40.
24. Flodin, Carina, and Frank B. Whitfield. "4-Hydroxybenzoic acid: a likely precursor of 2, 4, 6-tribromophenol in Ulva lactuca." Phytochemistry 51, no. 2 (1999): 249-255.
25. Hwang, Young, David Rowley, Denise Rhodes, Jeff Gertsch, William Fenical, and Frederic Bushman. "Mechanism of inhibition of a poxvirus topoisomerase by the marine natural product sansalvamide A." Molecular Pharmacology 55, no. 6 (1999): 1049-1053.
26. Kobayashi, Jun'ichi, Takaaki Kubota, Miho Takahashi, Masami Ishibashi, Masashi Tsuda, and Hideo Naoki. "Colopsinol A, a novel polyhydroxyl metabolite from marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp." The Journal of Organic Chemistry 64, no. 5 (1999): 1478-1482.
27. Kubota, Takaaki, Masashi Tsuda, Miho Takahashi, Masami Ishibashi, Hideo Naoki, and Junichi Kobayashi. "Colopsinols B and C, new long chain polyhydroxy compounds from cultured marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp." Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1 23 (1999): 3483-3487.
28. Richards, James T., Earl R. Kern, Lowell A. Glasgow, James C. Overall, E. Frank Deign, and Melvin T. Hatch. "Antiviral activity of extracts from marine algae." Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 14, no. 1 (1978): 24-30.
29. Schaeffer, David J., and Victor S. Krylov. "Anti-HIV activity of extracts and compounds from algae and cyanobacteria." Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 45, no. 3 (2000): 208-227.
30. Palanisamy, Subramanian, Manoharan Vinosha, Thangapandi Marudhupandi, Periyannan Rajasekar, and Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu. "Isolation of fucoidan from Sargassum polycystum brown algae: Structural characterization, in vitro antioxidant and anticancer activity." International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 102 (2017): 405-412.
31. Phillips, David JH. "The use of biological indicator organisms to monitor trace metal pollution in marine and estuarine environments—a review." Environmental Pollution (1970) 13, no. 4 (1977): 281-317.
32. Haug, Arne, Sigurd Melsom, and Sverre Omang. "Estimation of heavy metal pollution in two Norwegian fjord areas by analysis of the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum." Environmental Pollution (1970) 7, no. 3 (1974): 179-192.
33. Kureishy, Tariq W., M. A. R. Abdel-Moati, and A. R. Al-Muftah. "Marine Algae as bioindicators of pollution levels in the Arabian Gulf." (1995).
34. Chakraborty, Sukalyan, Tanushree Bhattacharya, Gurmeet Singh, and Jyoti Prakash Maity. "Benthic macroalgae as biological indicators of heavy metal pollution in the marine environments: A biomonitoring approach for pollution assessment." Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 100 (2014): 61-68.
35. Burrows, Elsie M. "Assessment of pollution effects by the use of algae." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 177, no. 1048 (1971): 295-306.
36. Maznah, WO Wan, A. T. Al-Fawwaz, and Misni Surif. "Biosorption of copper and zinc by immobilised and free algal biomass, and the effects of metal biosorption on the growth and cellular structure of Chlorella sp. and Chlamydomonas sp. isolated from rivers in Penang, Malaysia." Journal of Environmental Sciences 24, no. 8 (2012): 1386-1393.
37. Murugesan, A. G., S. Maheswari, and G. Bagirath. "Biosorption of Cadmium by Live and Immobilized Cells of Spirulina Platensis." International Journal of Environmental Research 2, no. 3 (2008).
38. Horikoshi, Takao, Akira Nakajima, and Takashi Sakaguchi. "Uptake of uranium by Chlorella regularis." Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 43, no. 3 (1979): 617-623.
39. Subramanian, G., and L. Uma. "Cyanobacteria in pollution control." Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 55 (1996): 685-692.
40. Matheickal, Jose T., and Qiming Yu. "Biosorption of lead (II) and copper (II) from aqueous solutions by pre-treated biomass of Australian marine algae." Bioresource Technology 69, no. 3 (1999): 223-229.
41. Aksu, Zümriye, and Tülin Kutsal. "A bioseparation process for removing lead (II) ions from waste water by using C. vulgaris." Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 52, no. 1 (1991): 109-118.
42. Alluri, Hima Karnika, Srinivasa Reddy Ronda, Vijaya Saradhi Settalluri, J. Singh Bondili, V. Suryanarayana, and P. Venkateshwar. "Biosorption: An eco-friendly alternative for heavy metal removal." African Journal of Biotechnology 6, no. 25 (2007).
43. Sakaguchi, T., Nakajima A. and Horikoshi, T. Studies on the accumulation heavy metal elements in biological system XVIII. Accumilation of molybdenum by green microalgae. Eur. J. App. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 1981; 12: 84-89
44. Worku, Anteneh, and Omprakash Sahu. "Reduction of heavy metal and hardness from ground water by algae." Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology 2, no. 3 (2014): 86-89.
45. NANdeShWAR, SApNA N., and Ganesh D. Satpute. "Green Technical Methods for Treatment of Waste Water Using Microalgae and its Application in the Management of Natural Water Resources-A Review." Current World Environment 9, no. 3 (2014): 837.
46. Nakajima, Akira, Takao Horikoshi, and Takashi Sakaguchi. "Ion effects on the uptake of uranium by Chlorella regularis." Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 43, no. 3 (1979): 625-629.
47. Gadd, Geoffrey M. "Heavy metal accumulation by bacteria and other microorganisms." Experientia 46, no. 8 (1990): 834-840.
48. Oswald, W.J. Microalgae and Wastewater Treatment. In: Microalgal Biotechnology, M.A. Borowitzka and L.J. Borowitzka (eds). Cambridge University Press, New York 1988 b; pp. 357-94
49. Anderson, Donald M., Patricia M. Glibert, and Joann M. Burkholder. "Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: nutrient sources, composition, and consequences." Estuaries 25, no. 4 (2002): 704-726.
50. Kumar, Kanhaiya, Sanjiv K. Mishra, Anupama Shrivastav, Min S. Park, and Ji-Won Yang. "Recent trends in the mass cultivation of algae in raceway ponds." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51 (2015): 875-885.