Author(s): Amaweya Abdulrahman Al-Sammarraie, Ayyam Khalid Abdulkareem, Hadeel Rateb AlAridi, Rahel Fayez Hammad, Duaa Yousef Shehadeh

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DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.01106   

Address: Amaweya Abdulrahman Al-Sammarraie1, Ayyam Khalid Abdulkareem2, Hadeel Rateb AlAridi3, Rahel Fayez Hammad3, Duaa Yousef Shehadeh3
1Lecturer Department of Clinical Science Ajman University, Faculty of Dentistry, Ajman United Arab Emirates.
2Lecturer Department of Basic Science and Biology, Ajman University, Faculty of Dentistry, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.
3General Dental Practitioner Ajman University.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 12,     Year - 2021

The objective of this study was to measure the buccolingual and mesiodistal convergence angles of six typodont teeth (# 26, 36, 45, 15, 21, and 13), prepared by preclinical dental students at Ajman University, for porcelain fused to a metal full crown and to compare them with the recommended convergence angle (6.5°). Additionally, we sought to compare the angles recorded for the six sets of teeth and relate the results according to the tooth position and surface and to know which one shows the greater tendency of straying from the normal convergence angle. Materials and methods: The angle of convergence of one hundred ninety-eight typodont teeth preparations was measured both buccolingually and mesiodistally by using a Dino-lite pro digital microscope (AM-413ZT Taiwan) with a Dinocapture (2.0 version 1.5.27.A, AnMo Electronics Corporation). All the results were recorded, and the data were analyzed by means of a one-sample t-test and one-way ANOVA. Results: The mean total convergence angle for this study was 11.29°± 6.66° from both surfaces, which is greater than the recommended value of 6.5° and statistically significant (p<0.000). Only 7.07% of teeth met the ideal convergence angle from both surfaces, and the one-sample test showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.057) from the recommended convergence angle, except for the mesiodistal convergence angle of the lower-right second premolar, which revealed no significant difference. The mean convergence angle for the buccolingual surface was 12.42°± 6.16°, which was higher than that of the mesiodistal surface (10.16°± 7°). One-way ANOVA showed a significant difference between all selected teeth (p<0.000), and a paired samples t-test showed a significant difference within two teeth only, the lower-right second premolar and upper-right canine (p<0.000), in which the mesiodistal measurement showed a lower convergence angle than the buccolingual angle. Conclusions: Preclinical students prepared teeth with a convergence angle higher than the recommended convergence angle. However, all the recorded angles were within the range of previous studies. It was concluded that the recommended convergence angle was difficult to achieve in preclinical practice.

Cite this article:
Amaweya Abdulrahman Al-Sammarraie, Ayyam Khalid Abdulkareem, Hadeel Rateb AlAridi, Rahel Fayez Hammad, Duaa Yousef Shehadeh. Assessment of the convergence angle of teeth prepared for full crown by preclinical dental students. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(12):6399-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.01106

Amaweya Abdulrahman Al-Sammarraie, Ayyam Khalid Abdulkareem, Hadeel Rateb AlAridi, Rahel Fayez Hammad, Duaa Yousef Shehadeh. Assessment of the convergence angle of teeth prepared for full crown by preclinical dental students. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(12):6399-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.01106   Available on:

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