Rasha Satam Hameed, Manal Khalid Mohammad, Sundus Hameed Ahmed, Isam Hussain T. Al-Kharkhi
Rasha Satam Hameed1, Manal Khalid Mohammad1, Sundus Hameed Ahmed1, Isam Hussain T. Al-Kharkhi2*
1College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq.
2Former, Assistant Professor, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
Volume - 14,
Issue - 9,
Year - 2021
Objective: This study aimed to synthesize a new iron nanoparticles derived from beta vulgaris extract and test its bioactivity against certain microbes. Materials and Methods: preparation of extract and the nanoparticles were done using certain procedures, while the Identification of Entero cloacae VITEK-2 ID-GN and AST-N 020 cards correspondingly applied for detection and susceptibility tests direct as of positive BacT/ALERT FA and FN blood cultures. Antibiotic susceptibility testing and anti bacterial as well as anti inflammatory activity, inhibition of protein denaturation and anti oxidant efficiency were achieved using AFM, UV-Visible and other instruments. Results: the presence of antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory materials in nanoparticles were much more than in the extract. Conclusions: iron nanoparticles show much more activity against bacteria, oxidant and inflammatory agents.
Cite this article:
Rasha Satam Hameed, Manal Khalid Mohammad, Sundus Hameed Ahmed, Isam Hussain T. Al-Kharkhi. Synthesis of New Iron Nanoparticles derived from Beta Vulgaris Extract and its Bioactivity against Enterobacter cloacae, Anti-inflammatory and House Fly. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(9):4887-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00849
Rasha Satam Hameed, Manal Khalid Mohammad, Sundus Hameed Ahmed, Isam Hussain T. Al-Kharkhi. Synthesis of New Iron Nanoparticles derived from Beta Vulgaris Extract and its Bioactivity against Enterobacter cloacae, Anti-inflammatory and House Fly. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(9):4887-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00849 Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-9-63
1. Sônia-Paula ADO. Heloísa-Maria AND. Karoliny BS. and Evandro-Leite DS. A review on bioactive compounds of beet (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris) with special emphasis on their beneficial effects on gut microbiota and gastrointestinal health. Journal of Critical Review in Food Science and Nutrition. 2020; doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2020.1768510
2. Davin-Regli A. and Jean-Marie P. Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae; versatile bacterial pathogens confronting antibiotic treatment. Front Microbiology. 2015; 6: 392. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00392
3. Pigłowski M. Pathogenic and Non-Pathogenic Microorganisms in the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed. International Journal of Environment Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(3): 477. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16030477
4. Shaikh S. Fatima J. Shakil S. Mohd S. Rizvi D. and Kamal MA. Antibiotic resistance and extended spectrum beta-lactamases: Types, epidemiology and treatment. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2015; 22(1): 90-101. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2014.08.002
5. Goldman E. and lorrence HG. Practical Handbook of Microbiology. 2ed edition. Taylor and Francis Group, 2009.
6. Abbas YA. and Radhi GF. Rapid Identification of Entrobacter SPP. Isolated from Hospitals in Basrah Province by Automated System (VITEK®2 COMPACT). International Journal of Micro Biology, Genetics and Monocular Biology Research. 2016; 2(2): 9-20.
7. Peter-Ikechukwu AI. Kabuo NO. Alagbaoso SO. Njoku NE. et al. Effect of Wrapping Materials on Physico-chemical and Microbiological Qualities of Fermented Melon Seed (Citrullus colocynthis L.) Used as Condiment. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016; 4(1): 14-19.
8. Mac Faddin JF. Biochemical Tests for Identification of Medical Bacteria, 3rd edn., Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, P. A. 2000
9. Rani AA. Punitha MJ. and Rema M. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of flower Extract of Cassia Auriculata (an in Vitro Study). International Research Journal in Pharmacy and Applied Sciences. 2014; 4(1): 57-60.
10. Kedare SB. and Singh RP. Genesis and development of DPPH method of antioxidant assay. Journal of Food Sciences and Technology. 2011; 48(4): 412-422. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0251-1
11. Smilgies DM. Scherrer grain-size analysis adapted to grazing-incidence scattering with area detectors. Journal of Applied Crystallography. 2009; 42(6): 1030-1034. doi: 10.1107/ S0021889809040126
12. Monshi A. Foroughi MR. and Monshi MR. Modified Scherrer Equation to Estimate More Accurately Nano-Crystallite Size Using XRD. World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering. 2012; 2: 154-160 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/wjnse.2012.23020
13. Humphreys C. The significance of Bragg's law in electron diffraction and microscopy, and Bragg's second law. Acta Crystallographica. Section A, Foundations of Crystallography. 2012; 69(1): 45-50. DOI: 10.1107/S0108767312047587
14. Deletoile A. Decre D. Courant S. Passet V. Audo J. et al. Phylogeny and Identification of Pantoea Species and Typing of Pantoea agglomerans Strains by Multilocus Gene Sequencing. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2009; 47(2): 300-310.
15. Ilham A. Bunyan, Qasim Ali Jassem Alkhuzaee. Detection of Curlibiogenesis genes among Enterobacter cloacae isolates and their role in biofilm formation in Al-Hilla City, Iraq. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2017; 10(10): 3294-3300. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00584.4
16. Prashant Nayak, Narayana Charyulu R, Sandeep DS, Sonal D’Souza, Nishmitha Gretta D’Souza. Development and Characterization of Herbal Lip jelly Containing Beta vulgaris Alcoholic Extract for Lip Shade. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2016; 9(12): 2261-2264. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00456.X
17. Ashok Kumar Popuri, Prashanti Guttikonda. Use of Agricultural Waste (Fly Ash) for Removal of Nickel Ions from Aqueous Solutions. Research J. Pharm. and Tech., 2015; 8(12): 1665-1668. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00300.5
18. Nisreen Sabti Mohammed Ali. The efficacy of Insecticide Indoxacarb (Avaunt) against larval stage of House fly Musca domestica L. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2019; 12(5): 2363-2371. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00396.2
19. Sk. Karishma, K. Lakshmi, D. Eswar Tony, A. Narendra Babu, Rama Rao Nadendla. Pharmacological Evaluation of Leaf Extract of Terminalia bellerica with Moringa oleifera for its Synergistic Action on Anti-diabetic Activity and Anti-inflammatory Activity in Rats. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2019; 12(3): 1181-1184. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00195.1
20. K. Kousalya, T. Priya, P. Venkatalakshmi. Studies on the Anti-inflammatory potential of selected medicinal plants in vitro. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(7): 3147-3150. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00556.9
21. D. Vijayraja, K. Jeyaprakash. Preliminary phytochemical analysis, in vitro antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of Turbinaria ornata (Turner) J. Agardh. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2017; 10(7): 2243-2248. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00397.3
22. T. M. Sree Vidhya, Geetha. In Vitro Evaluation of Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Andrographis paniculata. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2018; 11(3): 957-958. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00178.6
23. Sahiti K, Raji P, Bennett Rohan, Divya Kumar M, Antony V. Samrot. In vitro Bioactivity Screening of Desmostachya bipinnata. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2016; 9(4): 361-364. doi: 10.5958/ 0974-360X.2016.00064.0