Premala Krishnan, Kamala Krishnan, Chiew Jie Xiang
Premala Krishnan1*, Kamala Krishnan2, Chiew Jie Xiang3
1Lecturer, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.
2Lecturer, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.
3Year 3 Bachelor of Physiotherapy (Honours) Student, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.
Volume - 15,
Issue - 5,
Year - 2022
Background and Objectives: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a lifestyle disease that affects 463 million of adults worldwide. In Malaysia, DM especially Type 2 DM (T2DM) has an alarming increasing trend. Physiotherapy has been demonstrated to be effective in preventing and managing T2DM. Hence, a Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey is conducted to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and current practices of Malaysian physiotherapists in preventing and managing Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Malaysian physiotherapists were recruited to answer a KAP survey. The survey contained 44 items in four domains: demographics and education, attitudes and beliefs, current practices, and knowledge of diabetes. A descriptive analysis was completed for all the response variables from the survey. Results: 297 practicing physiotherapists in Malaysia predominantly from Kuala Lumpur and Selangor were recruited. The participants generally had a moderate knowledge in T2DM care, in which a lack of hypoglycaemia management knowledge was noticed. A great proportion of respondents was not confident in key aspects T2DM care. Even though 76.73% of respondents agreed that T2DM fall under physiotherapy scope of practice, only 55.22% provided counselling on T2DM prevention and management. A lack in practice of blood glucose testing and monitoring was also noticed in most of the respondents. A discrepancy between respondents’ self-efficacy and knowledge was observed, in which a proportion of respondents were confident in providing T2DM care but lacked the relevant knowledge. Conclusion: This study identified gaps in knowledge, attitude and practice on T2DM care by Malaysian Physiotherapists. Measures to close the gaps are therefore recommended.
Cite this article:
Premala Krishnan, Kamala Krishnan, Chiew Jie Xiang. The Knowledge, Attitudes and Current practices of Malaysian Physiotherapists in Preventing and Managing Type 2 Diabetes. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(5):2228-5. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00370
Premala Krishnan, Kamala Krishnan, Chiew Jie Xiang. The Knowledge, Attitudes and Current practices of Malaysian Physiotherapists in Preventing and Managing Type 2 Diabetes. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(5):2228-5. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00370 Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-5-52
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