Manoj M. D., Anima Nanda, B. K. Nayak
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Manoj M. D.1, Anima Nanda1*, B. K. Nayak*2
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama University, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Chennai - 600119, India.
2Department of Botany, K. M. Govt. Institute for Postgraduate Studies and Research (Autonomous),
Airport Road, Lawspet, Pondicherry - 605008, India.
Volume - 16,
Issue - 5,
Year - 2023
Fungi are heterotrophic microorganisms; provide very valuable support for the crop production. Especially, soil fungi play a significant role as one of the key decomposers in the soil environments. During our recent work, soil samples of two vegetable crop grounds viz., Green chilli and Sesame were analyzed for the enumeration and isolation of fungal community based on their accessibility apart from the soil texture and nutrient. Altogether 141 colony forming units (CFUs) of fungi were sequestered from the soil sample of both the cultivated crop fields. In fungal composition, total 16 species belonged to 9 genera were documented from the soils of both crop fields. Soil of green chilli field contributed (77%), the maximum fungal inhabitants followed by sesame field soil (23%). Among the isolated fungi, Aspergillus terreus was established as the dominant fungus in green chilli soil but Aspergillus niger was the dominant fungus in sesame field soil. Result clearly specified that in both the crop fields, Populospora and Trichoderma spp were recorded in negligible, which is recognized as a negative sign for the plant growth and in their production rate due to the affect by fungal diseases. The study was further repeated in keeping the seeds of sesame and chilli in the broth culture of Trichoderma sp. for 72 hours to form a mycelial form over the seed and then the seeds were sown and checked the production rate and growth period. Diversity of soil fungi was found higher in the green chilli field as compared to the sesame field which enhances the production rate up to 1.5 fold.
Cite this article:
Manoj M. D., Anima Nanda, B. K. Nayak. Role of Fungal Species Distribution in the Chilli and sesame crop production. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(5):2245-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00369
Manoj M. D., Anima Nanda, B. K. Nayak. Role of Fungal Species Distribution in the Chilli and sesame crop production. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(5):2245-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00369 Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-16-5-28
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