Author(s): Shaza Besher, Louai Alallan, Mohamed Isam Hasan Agha, Isam Alshamaa, Nasser Thallaj


DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00358   

Address: Shaza Besher1, Louai Alallan1, Mohamed Isam Hasan Agha1, Isam Alshamaa1, Nasser Thallaj2*
1Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Damascus, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Drug Control, Al-Rashid International Private University for Science and Technology, Damascus, Syria.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 17,      Issue - 5,     Year - 2024

This work aimed to investigate salinity influence on the biosynthesis of essential oil and its constituents in Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary), and to optimize yield by modulating environmental factors (soil). Four groups of Rosmarinus officinalis plants were cultivated, each containing four samples, over a four-month period from May to September (2011). The irrigation solutions utilized a salinity gradient ranging from 25mM to 100 mM, with each group being irrigated separately on average every three days. The fourth group irrigated with distilled water served as a control. Essential oils were extracted from both cultivated and wild groups, in both fresh and dried states. Eight samples were collected from various regions in Syria, including Salkhad, Swieda, Sheikh Badr, Tartous, Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Damascus (cultivated samples), and Kalamoon. The highest quantities of oil were extracted from samples in the Sweida and Kalamoon regions. Rosemary leave essential oil contains numerous chemical constituents in proportions depending on the plant's origin. The GC-MS data revealed an elevated concentration of oxygenated compounds, such as camphor, borneol, and verbenone, in the cultivated samples. Additionally, the results demonstrated that soil salinity within permissible limits could enhance production and improve the essential oil yield of the plant.

Cite this article:
Shaza Besher, Louai Alallan, Mohamed Isam Hasan Agha, Isam Alshamaa, Nasser Thallaj. Influence of Soil Salinity on the Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis in Syria. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(5):2282-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00358

Shaza Besher, Louai Alallan, Mohamed Isam Hasan Agha, Isam Alshamaa, Nasser Thallaj. Influence of Soil Salinity on the Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis in Syria. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(5):2282-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00358   Available on:

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