Author(s): Shariff Halim, Nasir Mohamad, Mohd EKhwan Toriman, Nor Hidayah Abu Bakar, Siti Norhajah Hashim, Liyana Hazwani Mohd Adnan, Nur Husna Zakaria, Nur

Email(s): nasirmohamad@unisza.edu.my

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00183.9   

Address: Shariff Halim, Nasir Mohamad*, Mohd EKhwan Toriman, Nor Hidayah Abu Bakar, Siti Norhajah Hashim, Liyana Hazwani Mohd Adnan, Nur Husna Zakaria, Nur
Opioid Research Interest Group, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Medical Campus, Jalan Sultan Mahmud, 20400 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 9,      Issue - 7,     Year - 2016


ABSTRACT:
Opioid dependency or tolerance is a worldwide problem that affects all societies in terms of health, social and economic welfare. It is a need to explore more alternative treatment to address opiate dependence and tolerance besides our current conventional medication. In exploring the alternative supplement to reduce opiate dependence and tolerance, this article reviews and describes the evidence of a relationship between mineral and opiate dependence and tolerance. We also discuss about the action mechanism of mineral to alleviate opiate dependence and tolerance which are abundantly available in the Holy Zamzam water.


Cite this article:
Shariff Halim, Nasir Mohamad, Mohd EKhwan Toriman, Nor Hidayah Abu Bakar, Siti Norhajah Hashim, Liyana Hazwani Mohd Adnan, Nur Husna Zakaria, Nur. Role of Zamzam water as a vital mineral supplement in the treatment of opioid dependence and tolerance: A Review. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2016; 9(7):957-963. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00183.9

Cite(Electronic):
Shariff Halim, Nasir Mohamad, Mohd EKhwan Toriman, Nor Hidayah Abu Bakar, Siti Norhajah Hashim, Liyana Hazwani Mohd Adnan, Nur Husna Zakaria, Nur. Role of Zamzam water as a vital mineral supplement in the treatment of opioid dependence and tolerance: A Review. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2016; 9(7):957-963. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00183.9   Available on: https://www.rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2016-9-7-44


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RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

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